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All You Need to Know About Ardha : Qatar’s Traditional Sword Dance


Ardha is a folk dance with origins dating back to the time when Bedouin tribes dominated Qatar. Typically performed prior to a war or a battle, the dance was a symbol of valor and courage.

the Ardha is an integral part of Qatar’s rich cultural heritage and is deeply ingrained in its traditions. It’s a ubiquitous feature at weddings, cultural events, and special occasions like Eid-ul-Fitr, Eid-al-Adha, and Qatar National Day, which falls on December 18 every year.

Traditional Sword Dance of Qatar: Understanding the Meaning of ‘Ardha’

The term “Ardha” is thought to have originated from the Arabic word “ard,” which means “to parade” or “to display.”

Exploring the Ardha Dance: Qatar’s Traditional Sword Dance

The Ardha dance is believed to have been named after the Arabic word “ard,” which means “to parade” or “to show,” as it was traditionally performed by Bedouin tribes to showcase their fighting strength and weaponry before going off to battle. This would boost the tribe’s morale and instill a sense of unity among its members. Nowadays, the dance is mainly performed to celebrate Qatar’s culture and heritage, foster a sense of kinship, and promote solidarity between the country’s people and its leadership.

In modern times, men still use the Ardha dance as a means of showcasing their strength and prowess through intricate movements set to the beat of drums. As they perform, they recite verses from Nabati poetry, also known as Bedouin poetry or “poetry of the people” in the Middle East, which has been passed down through the centuries.

From Bedouin Tradition to National Celebration: An Exploration of Qatar’s Ardha Dance.

The Ardha dance is typically performed by a group of men who stand in two rows, facing each other or forming semi-circles. They stand shoulder-to-shoulder and often hold swords in their right hands, although sometimes the swords may be absent from the performance. In some cases, the men may hold canes or sticks while executing the movements of this traditional Qatari dance. It’s important to note that the Ardha dance is exclusively performed by men and is a communal celebration of Qatar’s cultural heritage.

The Ardha dance remains a powerful display of strength and skill for men, who expertly swing their heavy swords to the rhythm of drums and tambourines. As they perform, they recite verses from Nabati poetry, also known as Bedouin poetry or “poetry of the people” in the Middle East, which has been passed down for centuries.

During an Ardha performance, a poet typically stands in the middle of the two facing groups and recites relevant verses for the occasion. In the past, the poet was often the leader of the tribe or the military reader. The men performing the dance repeat the last line of each verse while rhythmically swaying from side to side and moving back and forth in a specific pattern. This creates an intense and captivating atmosphere, with the sounds of the drums and the chanting of the men adding to the energy and excitement of the performance.

Traditional attire worn by Ardha performers

Traditional attire plays an important role in the performance of Ardha. The performers often don the thobe, a one-piece white outfit that covers their arms down to the wrists and legs down to the feet. To hold their swords, they wear the Mahzam, a leather belt with diagonal leather straps that go over their shoulders. The swords are placed in special holders on the belt. On certain occasions, the performers may also wear maroon-colored cloaks or coat-like tops, symbolizing solidarity with the Qatari flag that features white and maroon colors.

Is Ardha only performed in Qatar?

Ardha is a traditional folk dance that is commonly performed in many Gulf countries such as Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, and the United Arab Emirates.

Can women participate in Ardha?

Traditionally, Ardha is performed by men, and women do not participate. However, in modern times, some women have created their own version of the dance, called Sahra, which is performed by women.

What is the significance of the swords used in Ardha?

The swords used in Ardha are a symbol of strength and unity. They represent the traditional weapons that were used by the Bedouin tribes in the past to protect themselves and their families.

Is there a specific dress code for Ardha performers?

Yes, Ardha performers typically wear the thobe, which is a one-piece white outfit made for men, and a Mahzam, which is a leather belt with leather straps that go over the shoulders in a diagonal fashion to hold their swords.

What occasions is Ardha performed on?

Ardha is performed on special occasions such as weddings, cultural events, and national celebrations like Qatar National Day. It is also performed during religious festivals like Eid-al-Fitr and Eid-al-Adha.

What is the meaning behind the Nabati poetry recited during Ardha?

Nabati poetry is a form of Bedouin poetry that has been passed down from generation to generation. The poetry recited during Ardha often tells the story of the tribe or the event being celebrated, and it serves to inspire and motivate the performers and the audience.

Have you ever witnessed a performance of the Ardha? What is your opinion of this dance? Would you like to participate in this folk dance? Please share your thoughts in the comments section. If you enjoyed the article, please like and share it to support us.

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Written by Saleh wasim

Blogger who writes topics such as Employment, News, travel, sports, events and life in Gulf.

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