The Ministry of Development Planning and Statistics (MDPS) has released the latest population figures for Qatar, revealing that by the end of August 2018, the country’s population had reached a total of 2,562,000. This represents a 4.5% increase from July and a 4.7% increase from the same period the previous year.
Out of the total population, 1,992,584 are males, while females make up approximately 25% of the entire population, totaling 632,498. This means that there is only one female for every three males in Qatar, giving the country the distinction of having the highest male to female ratio in the world.
The male to female ratio, also known as the human sex ratio (HSR), is a measure of the number of males for each female in a country’s population. A ratio above 1 indicates more males than females, while a ratio below 1 indicates more females than males. A ratio of 1 signifies an equal number of males and females.
As of 2016, Qatar’s HSR stands at 1.02 at birth, 1.03 for individuals aged 14 and below, 2.64 for Millennials (aged 15-24), 4.91 for the 25-54 age group, 3.38 for those between 55-64 years old, and 1.71 for individuals above the age of 65. These figures average out to a human sex ratio of 3.41 in Qatar, representing an increase from the 2015 ratio of 3.06.
The reasons behind the higher number of men than women in Qatar can be attributed to various factors. Firstly, the majority of Qatar’s population (around 92%) resides in the capital city, and with approximately 88% of the population being foreign workers, the country’s gender imbalance can be influenced by the composition of its diverse and multicultural society. Many male expatriate workers, particularly from South Asian countries, come to Qatar for employment opportunities, leaving their families behind in the hopes of providing them with a better life and seeking economic stability.
Additionally, Qatar maintains a relatively conservative approach to granting visas for females from select countries compared to nations such as the United States, Canada, and various European Union countries. Furthermore, Qatar’s predominant Muslim culture, despite its openness to tourism, contributes to the country’s conservative social norms. Dating is not legally recognized, and most of the local population and residents are either married or single.
The sex ratio among adults (ages 15-64) can vary significantly due to factors such as migration and death rates, particularly during times of conflict or war. In late adulthood and old age, the sex ratio often becomes skewed towards females.
Qatar is not the only country with a higher male to female ratio. Neighboring countries like Kuwait and Oman, as well as the blockading countries, also feature prominently on the HSR list. Conversely, territories such as Martinique, Latvia, and Lithuania have more women than men.
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