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Entry Requirements and Visa Application of Spain

Spain entry requirement and Visa Applications

Spain, with her 505,990 km2 in area, is her second largest country in the European Union. Officially known as the Kingdom of Spain, it is primarily located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe. Her 46,710,000 live in Spain and speak Spanish as their official language.

The tourism industry here is her second largest tourism industry in the world. About $40 billion of this goes to Spain each year. Some of the most famous Spanish cities include Madrid, Barcelona, ​​Seville and Valencia.

Spain is known for its bullfights, tomato he festivals, Ibiza parties and flamingos. Some of the most visited attractions include the Alhambra and Generalife Gardens, the Sagrada Familia and Gaudi’s ruins, and the Great Mosque of Cordoba.

Since 1995 when Spain became a member of the Schengen area as her EU member state, she can apply for a Spanish Schengen visa.

Spanish entry restrictions in response to coronavirus

Amid the coronavirus outbreak, Spain and other her EU/Schengen countries will impose her EU-wide entry ban on third-country nationals in mid-March 2020, on the recommendation of the EU Commission. imposed. In addition, entry restrictions to Spain change frequently due to her COVID-19 situation in other countries.

Please check Schengen.News for the latest information on Spain’s entry restrictions and other measures imposed by the Spanish authorities.

Spain entry requirements

Every person entering Spain by land, sea or air must present at least one document of hers to the border police. The documents required to travel to Spain depend on your nationality. Travelers from any EU/EAA member state only need a valid ID card or passport.

However, non-EU/EEA travellers will need to present some documents to the border police upon arrival at the Spanish port of entry. These documents are:

  • A valid passport or travel document. Valid for at least 3 months from the intended date of departure from the Schengen Agreement and issued within the last 10 years.
  • Visa – if you are covered by the Spanish visa system.
  • Proof of accommodation. A document showing where you will be staying during your stay in Spain. 
  • Round trip or return ticket. Or proof of your next trip if you do not want to return to your home country after staying in Spain.
  • A document proving the purpose of entry.

Spanish border authorities will ask you to provide these documents. They may also ask questions about their trip to Spain, such as:

  • What are your reasons for visiting Spain?
  • How long do you want to stay in Spain?
  • Where are you staying in Spain? etc.

Please note that the border police have the power to refuse entry into Spain if they deem there is a problem with your documents or purpose of entering Spain. If the Spanish border guards, after examining your documents, conclude that you do not pose a threat to Spain, you will be allowed entry into Spain and therefore into the Schengen area.

Make sure you have your passport stamped by a Spanish border guard when you enter Spain. Without the stamp you can be fined or imprisoned in Spain.

Who needs a Schengen visa to enter Spain?

As Spain is a member of the Schengen Agreement, the Schengen visa code applies to all short-stay travellers. This means that you should apply for a visa before you travel if any of the following situations apply to you:

You are a national of a third world country whose citizens require a Schengen visa to enter a Schengen member country

Spain entry requirements

You are a national of a Third World country with visa-free movement agreements with the Schengen countries, but have previously been denied visa-free entry to Spain or another Schengen country.

What type of visa do I need to enter Spain?

If you plan to stay in Spain for a short period of time (up to 90 days), you should apply for a short-stay Schengen visa for Spain, also known as a C-type visa.

Depending on the purpose of your entry into Spain, you can obtain one of the following types of Schengen visa for Spain:

Austrian Airport Visa – for those who need to transit through one of the Austrian airports to arrive in a non-Schengen country.

Spanish tourist visa – for those visiting Spain for holidays and tourism.

Spanish Visitor Visa – For travelers who want to visit friends and family living in Spain. 

Spanish business visa – for businessmen who need to engage in business activities in Spain.

Spain Official Visit Visa – for official delegations coming to Spain on official trips.

Spanish Medical Visa – for those seeking medical treatment in Spain.

Spanish Study Visa – for students who wish to attend a course of up to 3 months at a Spanish educational institution.

Spanish visa for cultural, sports and film teams – for those who wish to participate in activities in Spain belonging to this type.

What documents are required for a Spanish Schengen visa application?

The Spanish embassy/consulate in your country of residence will ask you to prove your identity, background and purpose for entering Spain. This requires submitting some documents required for a Spanish visa.

The mandatory visa requirements for Spain are:

Spanish visa application form. Fill out the form on your computer, print it, and finally sign it. 

Two passport photos. The photo should be a recent full face format taken against a light background. Learn more about photo requirements for Spanish visa applications here.

A valid passport. Make sure your passport meets the following criteria:

  • There are 2 blank pages to attach your visa
  • Not more than 10 years old
  • Valid for at least 3 months from the date you wish to leave Spain and the entire Schengen area.

Copies of following: 

  • All pages of passport.
  • previous visa.
  • Any other valid or expired passport.
  • All other pages of valid or expired passports.
  • Spanish travel health insurance. Before applying for a visa, you must have travel health insurance for all of Spain and all other Schengen countries. Insurance must cover medical emergencies of at least €30,000, including repatriation in case of death.

Medical insurance for foreigners traveling to Spain who meet Spanish visa and immigration requirements can be purchased online at Europ Assistance or MondialCare. Both companies are recognized by the Spanish authorities.

Round-trip schedule. Documents proving that you have booked a flight to/from Spain. This document should include flight number, date and details.

Proof of accommodation. It’s a hotel reservation. (Check or HotelsCombined to find cheap hotels in Spain!)

Proof of sufficient financial resources. A foreigner wishing to enter the Spanish territory must prove that he has at least €100 per day for a minimum of €900 per person, regardless of the length of his stay.

It’s the cover. A personal letter explaining the reasons for applying for a visit to Spain, the length of stay, the time of departure and other details. (Click here for a sample Spanish visa cover letter)

Proof of citizenship. This can be a marriage certificate, a child’s birth certificate, a spouse’s death certificate, etc.

Note: If you live in the UK, please read  – How to Apply for a Spanish Visa in the UK!

Additional Spanish visa requirements based on employment status

Additional visa requirements for Spain depending on professional status are:

If employed:

  • employment contract
  • Current bank statements for the last 6 months
  • employer paid vacation
  • Income Tax Return (ITR) Form

For self-employed:

  • Copy of business license
  • Company bank statements for the last 6 months
  • Income Tax Return (ITR)

For students:

  • Registered umbrella
  • School or college clearance certificate
  • Advertisement

For a retired:

  • Pension certificates for the last 6 months

If it applies:

  • Highest recurring income from a property in the last 6 months

>> Employer, school or university clearance letter.

Additional Spanish visa requirements for minors

Minors applying for a short-stay visa in Spain, or parents applying for a minor’s visa, must complete the following additional Spanish visa requirements in their application documents:

  • Birth certificate for minors traveling to Spain.
  • Spanish visa application form signed by parents.
  • family court order. Where only one parent has sole custody of the child.
  • Notarized copy of parent’s ID/passport
  • Guardianship Authorization. Minors traveling alone or with another person.


Parents or guardians must accompany minor children when applying at the Spanish Embassy/Consulate in their home country.

Additional necessities primarily based totally on motive of Entry into Spain

Depending on your reason for visiting Spain, you may need to present additional documents to the Spanish Embassy/Consulate in your country of residence. Below are additional visa requirements for Spain based on the purpose of entry. More on that below.

Visa requirements for airport transit in Spain

If you need to land at a Spanish airport just to catch another flight to a non-Schengen country, apply for a Spanish airport transit visa.

Required documents for Schengen visa for airport transit to Spain

When applying for a Spain airport transit visa, you will need to present the following additional documents:

  • A valid visa for the country you are traveling to (if required).
  • Air ticket for the last country to travel.

Transit visa requirements in Spain

Spanish transit visas are for seafarers who need to disembark at one of the ports in Spain before boarding another ship bound for a non-Schengen country.

Documents required for a transit Schengen visa to Spain

When applying for a Spanish transit visa, you will need to present the following additional documents:

  • A valid visa for the country you are traveling to (if required).
  • Last country ticket to travel
  • employment contract. Boarding contract with shipping company/ship
  • Invitation letter from a Spanish shipping company
  • A copy of all pages containing personal data from the sailor’s book
  • Copy of seafarer’s certificate
  • List the names of all crew members.

Spanish tourist visa requirements

If you are visiting Spain for vacation, exploration or sightseeing, you must apply for a Spanish tourist visa before you travel.

Required Documents for Schengen Tourist Visa to Spain

When applying for a Spanish tourist visa, you will need to provide the following additional documents:

  • Travel itinerary. An explanation of your daily itinerary, what to do in Spain, places you plan to visit, places to stay, entry and departure dates.
  • Proof of how you are funding your trip to Spain.

Visitor visa requirements in Spain

If you are traveling to Spain to visit friends or family who have been invited to live in Spain, apply for a Spanish short stay visa.

Documents required for a Schengen visitor visa to Spain

If you are applying for a visa to visit friends or relatives in Spain, you will need to submit the following additional documents:

Travel itinerary. A detailed daily plan of your trip to Spain.

A typewritten invitation from the host with personal details of the host and guests, dates of travel and place of residence in Spain.

Invitation letter issued by the Spanish police (mandatory for foreigners). 

A copy of a valid document from the host certifying legality within Spanish territory (passport, identity card, residence permit, valid visa).

If the invitee is a relative, proof of relationship (birth certificate, marriage certificate, name change certificate, “Libro de Familia”, etc.)

Business visa requirements in Spain

If the purpose of your trip to Spain is to attend business meetings or other business-related activities in that country, you should apply for a Spanish Visitor Visa.

Documents required for a Business Schengen visa to Spain

When applying for a Spanish business visa, you will need to submit the following additional documents:

  • A letter from your employer. This letter should state the reason for traveling to Spain.
  • Invitation letter from a Spanish company stating the purpose and duration of the stay, the company’s activities and the guest’s personal information (name, nationality, passport number, etc.). The invitation must be signed by either the receiving company’s commercial her manager, export manager, or managing her director.
  • In the case of consecutive invitations on behalf of the same person (previous invitations from the same person or organization), certification of the continuing business relationship with the receiving company.
  • A copy of the identity card of the person signing the invitation.
  • Proof of travel funds. For the applicant’s expenses during his stay in Spain, either the employer or the affiliated company must indicate in the letter or invitation that the costs will be covered.

Study visa requirements in Spain

If you want to study in a Spanish educational institution for up to 3 months, do an internship or an apprenticeship, apply for a Spanish study visa.

Required documents for Schengen visa for students to Spain

When applying for a Spanish student visa, you will need to submit the following additional documents:

A letter of no objection from your current educational institution (if applicable).

Internship contract. Signed between Spanish company, home branch and trainees.

Notice for admission or extension of studies at a state-recognized and accredited educational institution, public or private. 

The content of the curriculum, training, or research conducted.

Proof of payment of tuition fees or booking of courses or studies to be conducted. For minors, the personal data of the person making the payment must be included.

Specific Documents for a Health Department Visa Degree:

Admission certificate issued by the Directorate General of Professional Regulations, Ministry of Health. It lists the hospital or teaching unit and the duration of the specialty awarded.

Medical visa requirements in Spain

If you need treatment in a Spanish hospital. H. If you wish to undergo surgery or undergo health treatment, you must apply for a Spanish medical visa for short stay.

Documents required for Schengen Medical Visa to Spain

The following additional documents must be presented when applying for a medical visa in Spain:

  • Local medical report. Issued by a doctor/clinic/hospital in your home country, certifying that you need treatment in Spain.
  • A letter from a Spanish hospital or doctor confirming your appointment date and health status. You also need to make sure that the hospital can provide certain treatments and you will be admitted accordingly. 
  • Proof of financial agreement.

Visa requirements for cultural/sports/religious events in Spain

If you plan to participate in any sporting, cultural or religious related activities in Spain or as part of a film crew, you must apply for a Spanish His Visa for Cultural/Sporting/Religious Events there is.

Documents required for a Schengen visa to Spain for cultural, sports, film crew or religious purposes

If you apply for a Spanish visa for the purpose of attending cultural/sporting/religious events in Spain, you will need to submit the following additional documents:

Invitation letter from the host organization in Spain, signed by a representative that states: 

  • The length of stay,
  • reason for the invitation
  • Details of activities that take place in Spain.

Event information such as tickets, registration conditions, detailed event programs, etc. Other documents containing the name of the applicant (crew member) and other relevant information about the event.

Evidence of previous performances. Participation in previous festivals and ceremonies (cultural, religious), sporting competitions, winning certificates, proof of world/international rankings (sports).

Spouse visa for Spanish national requirements in Spain

If you are married to a Spanish passport holder and wish to travel to Spain for a short stay, you will need to obtain a Spanish Spouse Visa for Spanish Citizens to enter the country.

Documents required for Spanish Schengen visa for wife/husband of Spanish citizen

If you apply for a Spanish visa as a spouse of a Spanish national/citizen, you will need to submit the following additional documents:

  • Proof of Spanish citizenship (ID card or consular card or Spanish citizenship certificate or naturalization certificate).
  • Marriage certificate in Spain.
  • Spanish family record book

Spanish visa for official visit requirements

If you have been invited for an official visit and plan to enter Spain as a member of an official delegation of a foreign country representing a government, organization or institution, you must apply for an official visit visa for Spain.

Spanish Schengen visa for members of official delegations

If you apply for a Spanish visa as a member of an official delegation, you will need to submit the following additional documents:

  • Official copy of the invitation.
  • Evidence of the purpose of the trip (negotiations, meetings, intergovernmental organization events, consultations).

How to apply for a short stay visa for Spain

To successfully complete the application process for a short stay visa in Spain, follow the instructions and follow the steps below in the given order.

  • Decide what type of visa you need. Check the descriptions above for each type of Spanish short stay visa and apply for the visa that best suits your purpose of entry.
  • See where to apply for a visa to Spain. Spanish visa applications must be submitted to the institution responsible for approving the application. Below is an explanation of this. 
  • Complete the Spanish Short Stay Visa Application Form.
  • Collect Spanish visa requirements. Collect all required documents, legal and visa specific requirements depending on the purpose of entry.
  • Arrange a visa interview.
  • Attend an interview at the appropriate Spanish Embassy/Consulate/VAC.

Where can I apply for a short stay visa for Spain?

Depending on how the Spanish authorities in your country of residence regulate the issuance of visas, you should apply to one of the following Spanish diplomatic missions in your home country:

  • Embassy of Spain
  • Consulate of Spain
  • Visa application centers where Spain outsources the visa application process
  • Embassy/Consulate of another Schengen country entrusted by Spain to issue visas

Who can apply for a Schengen visa at the Spanish Embassy/Consulate/VAC?

As Spain is a member of the Schengen Travel Area without Borders, issuance of visas for short stays is also regulated by the Schengen Visa Code. According to this code, a visa application should only be submitted to the Spanish Embassy/Consulate/VAC if one of the following circumstances must apply:

Except for Spain, we do not visit any other Schengen countries.

We visit other Schengen countries, but our main destination is Spain. This means:

  • You will spend more days in Spain than in other countries.
  • Spend the same number of days in each country, but enter the Schengen area via Spain. 

Furthermore, you can apply for a short stay visa to Spain only at the Spanish Embassy/Consulate/VAC if:

  • Citizens of the country of origin of the application.
  • Foreign nationals who hold a permanent/temporary residence permit in the country from which they are applying.

Note: You cannot apply for a Spanish short-stay visa from a country where you currently have a visa.

How long does it take to get a Spanish visa?

The Spanish short stay visa processing time can take up to 15 working days. However, this period may be extended for up to 30 days depending on your particular circumstances. In exceptional cases, it may take up to 60 days as the Spanish embassy has to consult with other Schengen consulates.

To avoid delays in obtaining your Spanish short-stay visa, you should submit your application as soon as possible, at least three months before you travel to Spain. 

How much does it cost to apply for a Spanish visa?

Spanish short-term visa fees at a glance

Spanish Short-Stay Visa Application TypeVisa Fee in Euro
Spanish visa for adult travellers80
Spanish visa for children (6 – 12 years)40
Spanish visa for children (under 6 years)FREE

There are also categories of applicants who are exempt from paying fees and those who are required to pay a lower amount, depending on the applicant’s nationality, purpose of visit, and other factors.

Check out our list of Spanish Schengen visa fees to see if you belong to one of these categories!

How long can I stay in Spain without a visa?

The length of time you can stay in Spain without a visa depends on your nationality. You can enter Spain without a visa and stay for up to 90 days if you hold one of the following passports:

  • EU/EEA Member States – If you wish to stay longer, you must register with the relevant Spanish authorities.
  • Australia, Israel, Japan, Canada, New Zealand, South Korea, United States – If you wish to stay longer, you must apply for a residence permit within three months of your arrival in Spain.
  • Spain Visa Waiver Countries – If you want to stay longer, you will need to apply for a Spanish long-stay visa from your country of residence.

However, passport holders from countries that do not yet have a visa waiver agreement with the Schengen area must apply for a visa before traveling to Spain or other Schengen countries.

How long can I stay in Spain? – Explanation of the 90/180 day rule

Important: Under no circumstances shall the permitted 90-day stay be exceeded in any 180 consecutive days. If you don’t follow the rules, you will have to face the consequences.

Find out how many days you can stay in Spain with our Schengen calculator.

Can I extend my Schengen visa in Spain?

Yes, you can extend your Schengen visa for Spain. B. Humanitarian Reasons or Force Majeure. You must submit your application to the competent authorities in Spain before your current visa expires.

  • Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation – Directorate General of Consular Affairs and Consular Assistance
  • Ministry of Interior – Directorate General of National Police and Civil Guard

Read How to extend your Schengen visa in Spain to understand the circumstances and conditions under which you can extend your Schengen visa in Spain.

Can I revoke my Schengen visa for Spain?

Yes, your Spanish visa may be revoked if the relevant Spanish authorities conclude that you do not meet the visa requirements.

If you are in Spain at the time the decision to cancel your visa is made, you will be given a time limit to leave Spain. If you do not leave Spain or the Schengen Area within this period, you will be considered to be in Spain illegally.

Please note that failure by the visa holder to provide entry requirements to border authorities may also result in the visa being invalidated or cancelled, although not automatically. 

Attention! Please contact the Spanish Embassy/Consulate in your country for the latest Spanish visa requirements!

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Written by Saleh wasim

Blogger who writes topics such as Employment, News, travel, sports, events and life in Gulf.

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